|Armor||Front 0 / Side 0 / Rear 0 / Top 0|
|Fuel Capacity||500 L|
|Operational Range||250 km|
The 2K12 Kub (NATO reporting name: SA-6 "Gainful") mobile surface-to-air missile system is a Soviet low-to-medium level air defense system designed to protect ground forces from air attack. "2К12" is the GRAU designation of the system.
The 2K12 Kub is a long range missile platform that isn't really worth the price. With just three missiles, it costs a lot to resupply. It has rather bad accuracy, an HE value that is of no use (too much for just 5HP helos, too little for 10HP ones), and it has a very bad rate of fire, meaning it easily gets overwhelmed, in a slightly overpriced 50 pts package. The Kub is recommended to be used if you ever run out of 9K37 Buk variants.
The development of the 2K12 was started after July 18, 1958 at the request of the CPSU Central Committee. The system was able to engage aerial targets flying at speeds of 420–600 m/s at altitudes of 100 m to 7 km (approx 4 mi) at ranges up to 20 km (approx 12 mi). With a single shot kill probability of at least 70 %, the Kub downed it's first ever air target on February 18, 1963 during the state trials at Donguz (Russian: Донгуз) artillery testing range, Orenburg Oblast. It was an Ilyushin Il-28 bomber.
The 2K12 "Kub" was recommended for modernization work in 1967 with the goal of improving combat characteristics (longer range, improved ECCM, reliability and reaction time). A modernized variant underwent trial testing in 1972 eventually being adopted in 1973 as the "Kub-M1". The system underwent another modernization between 1974 and 1976, again the general combat characteristics of the system were improved with the "Kub-M3" clearing testing and entering service in 1976.
The final major development of the Kub missile system was achieved during the development of its successor, the 9K37 "Buk" in 1974. Although the Buk is the successor to Kub, it was decided that both systems could share some interoperability, the result of this decision was the "Kub-M4" system. The Kub-M4 used Kub-M3 components which could receive fire control information from the 9А310 transporter erector launcher and radar (TELAR) of the 9K37 Buk. The advantage interoperability was an increase in the number of fire control channels and available missiles for each system as well as a faster service entry for Buk system components. The Kub-M4 was adopted into service in 1978 following completion of state trials.
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