| Boyevaya Mashina Desanta|
Боевая Машина Десанта
Signature used by several forum members to convince Eugen Systems to add the BMD-1.
|Class||Infantry Fighting Vehicle|
|Armor||Front 1 / Side 1 / Rear 1 / Top 1|
|Road Speed||110 km/h|
|Fuel Capacity||600 L|
|Main Gun||2A28 (73mm HEAT)|
The BMD-1 is a Soviet airborne amphibious tracked infantry fighting vehicle, which was introduced in 1969 and first seen by the West in 1970. BMD stands for Boyevaya Mashina Desanta (literally "Combat Vehicle of the Airborne").
It can be dropped by parachute and although it resembles the BMP-1 it is in fact much smaller. The BMD-1 was used as an IFV by the Soviet Army's airborne divisions. An improved variant of BMD-1 was developed, the BMD-2. The BMD-1 also provided a basis for the BTR-D airborne multi-purpose tracked APC.
In the wake of the Cuban Missile Crisis the army was instructed to consider putting more emphasis on means to project power outside of the normal sphere of Soviet influence. As a result there was a major effort to develop the VDV (Soviet airborne forces) as a rapid deployment force. Soviet studies of airborne operations had shown that lightly armed paratroops were unable to deal with armoured forces. Also in early 1960s a BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicle was being developed. Before the BMP-1 entered service in 1966, Soviet Army high command decided to equip the newly created airborne divisions with similar vehicles.
The BMD-1 is very similar to BMP-1 in terms of firepower. It has a 73mm main gun which is effective against infantry albeit limited against armoured vehicles due to low accuracy and AP power, it is best to be used only as a self defence; it is never meant to be put against armoured vehicles anyway. However, the ATGM it carries is quite good against tanks when caught by surprise
Due to lack of machine guns, BMD-1 is helpless against helicopters. Always support them with gunships or else it will die quickly if that happens